Meniere’s disease is a condition that affects the inner ear. There are 4 typical symptoms associated with Meniere’s disease:
- spontaneous, recurrent episodes of vertigo (coming and going attacks of dizziness or giddiness);
- hearing loss;
- tinnitus (a constant noise in one ear, often described as a buzzing or humming sound); and
- a sensation of fullness or pressure in the ear.
Meniere’s disease usually affects one ear, but can affect both. People aged 40 to 60 years are most likely to develop Meniere’s disease, but it can affect people of all ages.
The disease is thought to be due to an increase in the pressure of the fluid (called endolymph) contained in the membranous labyrinth, a part of the inner ear.
Medications that reduce fluid (diuretics) may help reduce the pressure of fluid in the inner ear and help control the frequency and severity of symptoms. Medicines that improve circulation to the ear, such as betahistine (brand names Seniere, Serc), may help control symptoms in some people. A hearing aid may help with hearing loss.
Eating a salt-reduced diet can help reduce fluid retention and help decrease the volume and pressure of fluid in your inner ear, and is generally recommended. This may help reduce the severity and frequency of symptoms.
Avoiding caffeine may help reduce tinnitus, and avoiding nicotine can also help improve symptoms.
Learning techniques to manage stress and anxiety and joining a support group may also help people with Meniere’s disease. Minears organisation, Whirled Foundation are few such support groups….Need more information or a friendly chat free feel to call ‘ My Audiologist” on 07 3446 5845